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Fish Facts

Koi are a great fish to keep and maintain. Besides their beauty, they offer a calming and relaxing way to pass your time with your pond. Their elegance in the water provides a great way to relax and pass your time in your backyard or water garden. A well-designed Koi pond adds beauty and a sense of pride to your home.

The size, colors, and graceful swimming of Koi produce an effect that is immensely beautiful, tranquil, and calming. It is, however, the unique interaction between you and your Koi that make this truly an extraordinary hobby. Koi are beautiful fish with a long history and legend. They are innately beautiful and have over 100 hobbyists who enjoy the hobby throughout the world.

Koi are part of the Carp family of fish. The common carp is a hardy fish, and koi retain that durability. Koi are cold-water fish, but benefit from being kept in 59-77 degrees F range.  The depth of the Koi ponds vary across the country dependent on the seasonal changes and temperature variations.

Koi are hearty and relatively easy to nurture. However, to assure their health and optimize enjoyment of their company, enthusiasts need to plan their pond environment carefully. Not just any pond will do. Only after the right pond is constructed should the selection and acquisition of Koi begin.

Koi are an omnivorous fish and will often eat a wide variety of foods, including peas, lettuce, and watermelons. Koi food is designed not only to be nutritionally balanced, but also to float so as to encourage them to come to the surface. When they are eating, it is possible to check koi for parasites and ulcers. Koi will recognize the person feeding them and gather around him or her at feeding times. They can be trained to take food from one’s hand. In the winter, their digestive system slows nearly to a halt, and they eat very little, perhaps no more than nibbles of algae from the bottom. Their appetite will not come back until the water becomes warm in the spring. When the temperature drops below 50 degrees Fahrenheit, feeding, particularly with protein, is halted or the food can go rancid in their stomach, causing sickness.

Koi can live for decades. One famous scarlet koi, named "Hanako" (c. 1751 - July 7, 1977) was owned by several individuals, the last of which was Dr. Komei Koshihara. Hanako was reportedly 226 years old upon her death. Her age was determined by removing one of her scales and examining it extensively in 1966. She is (to date) the longest-lived koi fish ever recorded